Thursday, October 18, 2012

Sound Paper #1

In the last few weeks of this class we have been discussing how the reflection of light can change the look and feel of a space. However, the same can be said for sound within a space. Architecture reflects sound as well as light and they both help to hint at the form and materiality of a space and both are used to judge the psychological effect of a space. The shape and materials within a space effect the reverberations or lack there of in a given area. Rooms with softer materials and brighter colors usually give a sense of being warm and comfortable because of the soft materials that absorb sound and the bright colors that reflect warmer light. On the other hand, a room with a lack of color and all hard surfaces has a cold and uncomfortable feel because the cool, hard surfaces that lack sound absorption.
Through our lives we experience a variety of spaces that have good acoustics, poor acoustics, and then somewhere in between. Some of the spaces that I have experienced with good acoustics include my parent’s house, my apartment, and the Aycock auditorium. Each of these spaces has an acoustical feel that fits the purpose of the space. The soft interiors of both my parent’s house and my apartment allows for good sound absorption that make the space comfortable. The lack of reverberation in these spaces keeps sound from echoing and making the space too noisy. Aycock auditorium on the other hand has row after row of upholstered seats but the hard surfaces around the stage combined with the sloping roof allow for good auditorium acoustics. Without this you would not be able to hear a performance taking place on stage if you were seated towards the back of the space.
Some of the places that I have experienced with poor acoustically quality include studio, the lobby space in the Weatherspoon Art Museum, and East Coast Wings Restaurant on Tate Street. None of these spaces posses the proper acoustical qualities needed for these types of spaces and their purposes. The studio space is intended to be an instructional and private working space for several different groups at once, however, due to all of the hard surfaces and the high, open ceiling in the IARc space the sound reverberation in the space is unbearable when there are larger numbers of people in the space working on a variety of different things. Often times we will be having class in the studio space and the noise created by other classes elsewhere in the studio is so loud and distracting we have a hard time hearing what our professor is saying. In the lobby of the Weatherspoon Art Museum the space has good acoustical properties but these properties do not fit with the purpose of the space. Art museums are usually intended to be quieter spaces where you can reflect on the artwork that you see, however, the dome ceiling and hard surfaces in this space create so much reverberation even the simplest sound is a major distraction. The same could be said for East Coast Wings restaurant. There is so much sound reverberation within this space due to the larger amounts of people socializing and eating combined with all of the hard surfaces make it hard to talk to the people seated at your own table. More than once I have been in this restaurant with friends, even when it wasn’t crowded, and we have had to yell to each other to be heard over all the background noise in the space.
Both the lighting and the acoustical qualities of a space effect how you feel within the space and how you experience the space. Spaces with large amounts of reverberation tend to make us uncomfortable and want to leave. While spaces that have proper acoustical properties are more comfortable and we are able to remain in these spaces for longer periods of time. 

Wednesday, October 3, 2012

Sketch Series 3

For this assignment I chose two warm colored fabrics and two cool colored fabrics and examined each of them under a compact fluorescent lamp, a halogen lamp, a high-intensity discharge lamp, a LED lamp, and a incandescent lamp. It amazed me at some of the different colors that it made the fabric appear to be. The fluorescent, the halogen, and the incandescent lamps in my opinion had the best effect on each of the fabrics where as the high-intensity discharge and the LED lamps gave each of the fabrics a harsh appearance.

Sketch Series 2

Restaurant - Jimmy Johns
The lighting in this space consists of red pendant lights with incandescent lamps over the tables, track lighting in the higher part of the ceiling with halogen lamps, recessed can lighting around the kitchen area with halogen lamps, and fixtures in the kitchen with fluorescent lamps. The kitchen area in this space is lit with intense luminance and is the brightest area in the restaurant and then the surrounding dining area is darker with moderate luminance. This lighting pattern creates a slightly more intimate atmosphere because your attention is drawn to the brightly light kitchen space and away from the tables which gives the people at the tables more privacy. From the back of the restaurant, facing the front, there is a glare from the windows that stretch across the whole front of the space that leads you to the exit once you are done eating. I think that the space could do without the track lighting higher up in the ceiling because it doesn't seem to be doing much for the space. Aside from that the lighting in the space seems successful for a restaurant. There is not any inappropriate glare in the space and the lighting in the space seems to fit the purpose, which is that they want you to come in, eat, and leave so that they can serve more customers. 

Jimmy Johns

Retail Store - Sister's Jewelry
In this space there is track lighting with halogen MR-16 lamps, and fixtures along the wall and in the ceiling with fluorescent lamps. The strongest luminance in the space is directed on the display cases using the track lighting. For a retail/jewelry store this pattern of lighting makes sense because you want the emphasis in the space to be on the purchasable merchandise. There are not any places of intense glare or brightness within the space and the space is appropriately lit. The track lighting illuminating the displays is a good lighting decision because in a retail space where you want people to come in and buy things. You want to make sure that the merchandise stands out. 

Sister's Jewelry

Gallery - Weatherspoon Art Museum
In this space there is only track lighting with halogen lamps in various places around the space. The stark white walls and glossy floor combined with the intense lighting creates a lot of glare and brightness within the space. There is intense luminance within the space, especially around each piece of artwork. The bright lighting around each piece of artwork helps them to stand out but with the bland white walls it makes the space seem very harsh and it is hard to be in this space for a very long time. If the lighting needs to be this bright then I think that the walls should be painted another color besides white because it creates too much glare and not enough contrast. 
Weatherspoon Art Museum Gallery

Sketch Series 1

The space that I chose to sketch periodically for the light module of this class is the living and dining room area of my apartment. From the same viewpoint each time I sketched the space once on August 30th, September 8th, September 12th, and October 3rd. I also sketched the space throughout the day on September 29th. As the seasons changed the light entering the space became less harsh and created more of a glow in the space rather than the contrast created by the sunlight in the space during the summer months. On September 29th when I observed light in the space throughout the day I realized that the room is brightest around three o'clock in the afternoon when the sun is right outside the windows. At this time of the day the natural light entering the space is too harsh to have the blinds open. There are more shadows in the living room area of the space throughout the day, which makes more sense because all of the windows in the room are in the dining area. The color in the space shows up best around one o'clock in the afternoon because the sunlight is not direct enough to wash out the color, instead it brightens the colors within the space and makes them clearer. The natural light works best in this space from twelve noon to two o'clock in the afternoon but from three to around six o'clock the sunlight in the space is too overpowering to be in the room without lowering the blinds.

August 30th at 1 pm
September 8th at 1 pm
September 12th at 1 pm
September 29th at 10 am
September 29th at 1 pm
September 29th at 4 pm
October 3rd at 1 pm